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japanese numbers hiragana

So let’s dive in and learn how to count in Japanese. The Japanese numbers are actually easy to master once you understand the basics. Believe it or not, Spanish has some similar stumbling blocks – like the difference between porque, por qué, por que and porqué. But now comes the tricky part because the Sino-Japanese reading (ichi, ni, san or “one, two, three” as we say in English) uses counters. います (Gomai no hagaki wo kaimasu) means the same thing, but puts the emphasis on the quantity.

Numbers 1-10 In Japanese Hiragana – Researching numbers includes spotting written numbers as well as the number these numbers stand for. Thanks to Spanish I was able to discover what was holding me back from becoming fluent in any language. Here’s the full list of numbers from 11 to 19 in Japanese. Want to find out more about Coto Japanese Academy? If you already know how to say 1-10 in Japanese, then this will be very easy. For small animals like insects, fish, dogs or cats, you need to use the counter ~匹 (hiki) and for larger animals like elephants, the counter ~頭 (tou) is the one you are looking for. Let’s first learn the digits up to 10,000. The main difference [...], Time to reveal what my fun part-time language mission for the summer is, and you may be surprised by how genuinely practical it is!! In English, we count lettuce, cabbage and garlic in heads, thin/fine objects like hairs and threads in strands, and pants in pairs. Like the rest of the world, they rely a lot on the Arab numerals when writing (lucky for us, Japanese disciples!). On the other hand, although 7 is considered a lucky number in Japan, its reading – しち (shichi) – contains the Japanese mora し (shi) as well, so it’s way more common to say its other reading: なな (nana). How to Count to 1 Thousand & 1 MILLION in Japanese. I already mentioned how 4 and 9 are considered to be unlucky numbers. Surely if you don't [...]. Get daily language tips and fun facts by following us on: Italian Numbers Made Easy – Count to 1000 and Beyond in Italian, Hello in Spanish and Other Basic Spanish Greetings You Need to Know, following the exact same rule, 12 is 十二 (. So 1000 (sen) + 2 (ni)‌ 100s (hyaku) + 8 (hachi) 10s (ju) + 9 (kyuu) is sen nihyaku hachijuu kyuu. She blogs about fitness and sustainability at, Sometimes, even native speakers get it wrong. The days of the month are quite inconsistent, especially the first 10 days, plus the 14th, 20th, and 24th. However, expressing dates in Japanese can be much more complicated and we will cover this in another article. Note: If for some reason you do not receive a reply from us within 48 hours - please check your spam folder or send us an email directly at info (at) and we will get back to you as soon as we can. Or マル (maru) which translates to “circle” and it’s used the same way we say “oh” instead of “zero” in English when reading individual digits of a number. After counters, this is another difficult aspect of Japanese. Instead of saying ひゃくきゅう in hiragana or 百九 in kanji (hyakukyuu), they say 一〇九 (ichi maru kyu). Let’s just remember 4 zeros is 「万」(man): 320,000 is san-juu-ni man. You probably noticed that 4, 7, and 9 have two different readings each. Click Here to join our 30 day challenge to learn Hiragana, 100 hyaku (3-byaku/6, 8-ppyaku) 「ひゃく(3びゃく/6,8っぴゃく)」, 1,000 sen (3-zen, 8-ssen ) 「せん(3ぜん/8っせん)」, 157 hyaku go-juu nana (NOT ichi-hyaku go-juu-nana) 「ひゃく ごじゅう なな」, 1861 sen ha-ppyaku roku-juu ichi (NOT ichi sen ha-ppyaku roku-juu ichi) 「せん はっぴゃく ろくじゅう いち」, 1,000,000,000 juu-oku ( one-billion) 「10億」. Besides that, we also added the romaji writing so you’ll know how to pronounce each number even if you are not familiar with the Japanese writing system. If you need to count people in Japanese, you use the counter ひとり (hitori) for one person, ふたり (futari) for two people, and ~人 (nin) for three or more people. All you need to do is count the 10s (two 10s, three 10s, four 10s and so on) and then add the next number: Now that you understood the magic rule of always adding and adding and adding to get new numbers, let’s look at the bigger leagues of Japanese numbers. 10 to the 16th power. Nihongo Plus! A popular example where the Japanese use the マル (maru) reading is the 109 store in Tokyo. That’s 千二百八十九 in kanji and せんにひゃくはちじゅうきゅう in hiragana. One hundred or hundreds is “ hyaku ” and “thousands” is “ sen ” in Japanese. Not at all! It advances on a base ten system, so you’ll be able to use the numbers by learning 1 to 10 and then learning expressions for the digits such as 10, 100 and 1,000. As we, in the Western world, consider the number 13 to bring bad luck, the Japanese people consider the numbers 4 and 9 to be unlucky because し (shi – 4)) and く (ku – 9) sound the same as the words for “death” (死, shi) and “suffering, agony or torture” (苦, ku). Superstitions! Start using Mondly for free on your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the Mondly app on your iOS or Android device and learn Japanese fast anytime, anywhere. But which language to choose? PRODUCTS • ABOUT BENNY • MEET BENNY • CONTACT • SPEAK IN A WEEK • LANGUAGE HACKING BOOKS • PRIVACY POLICY, Caitlin is a content creator, fitness trainer, zero waster, language lover, and Star Wars nerd. Then just use the general-purpose counter based on the Native-Japanese reading (一つhitotsu , 二つ futatsu and so on). The number 8 is also lucky, because it’s said to bring prosperity. Like this, all you have to do is piece together the elements and speak them. If you want to simply learn how to use numbers in Japanese in Daily situation, please join us in our Japanese Lessons ; ). How to say Numbers in Japanese: Numbers Above 100,000. 「さんじゅう に まん」. Just wait and see. There are contexts – like traditional ceremonies – where people still use the Japanese kanji numerals. So let’s look at the ones you’ll absolutely need in a basic Japanese interaction. The most commonly used are the Sino-Japanese numbers, but you will often come across 1 – 10 in native numbers. So learning Japanese can certainly be considered one of the greatest achievements in anyone’s life. Second of all, the Japanese number system is based on two sets of pronunciations (or readings): the Sino-Japanese readings (on’yomi or “On reading”) that are based on the Chinese numerals and the Native Japanese readings (kun’yomi or “Kun reading”) that are based on the Japanese yamato kotoba (native words). Choose a variety of different methods to present the identical ideas. But that doesn’t mean it’s next to impossible to learn Japanese. Let’s look at a more complex example and make sure you understood the rule. To identify which type of Japanese numbers are used in a written text, remember that the Native Japanese numbers all end in つ (tsu) – except for 10, which is とう (tou). This may seem a bit overwhelming in the beginning, but practicing will help you master the exceptions faster. Part 1: How to count from 100 to 1,000 in Japanese. The last thing you need to know for Japanese numbers? Thus, Japanese people avoid using these unlucky numbers as much as possible. THIS is how I learn a language in 3 months. In parentheses, you will read the numbers with changes in pronunciation for euphonic reasons. When counting these long and thin objects in Japanese, all the numbers end in -hon, except 3 – which ends in -bon – and the numbers 1, 6, 8 and 10 which end in -pon. But after 10,000? If you need to express yourself in mathematical terms, here are some words you can use: Saying Japanese phone numbers out loud is pretty straightforward. With Mondly, you’ll get more every day! No, really! You’re all set! All we’re doing is combining juu and the numbers from 1-9. Now, the Japanese numbers are easy peasy Japanesey. This is an important question that a lot of people ask themselves. Hoping we won’t scare you off… here it is: there are over 500 counters in the Japanese language. (Click the checkbox to agree). All of these situations require numbers. The kanji, 八, widens at the bottom to bring in more luck and success. In other words, this table has everything you need to learn how to count to 100 in Japanese! However, it is more common to use and say “zero” the same way we say it in English: ゼロ (zero). From national holidays like 七夕 (Evening of the 7th, on July 7th), to the celebration of life 7 days after birth, it pops up often. It’s a lot to take in at first, but little patterns emerge as you practice using the numbers which makes it easier. Try taking a look at the various Japanese Language Courses we offer! most important Japanese phrases to start speaking, how to find a Japanese language exchange partner, れい、ゼロ、マル (rei, zero, maru), 81 – はちじゅういち (hachijuuichi), 91 – きゅうじゅういち (kyuujuuichi), 93 – きゅうじゅうさん (kyuujuusan), 94 – きゅうじゅうよん (kyuujuuyon), 86 – はちじゅうろく (hachijuuroku), 96 – きゅうじゅうろく (kyuujuuroku), 87 – はちじゅうなな (hachijuunana), 97 – きゅうじゅうなな (kyuujuunana), 68 – ろくじゅうはち (rokujuuhachi), 78 – ななじゅうはち (nanajuuhachi), 88 – はちじゅうはち (hachijuuhachi), 98 – きゅうじゅうはち (kyuujuuhachi), 39 – さんじゅうきゅう (sanjuukyuu), 49 – よんじゅうきゅう (yonjuukyuu), 69 – ろくじゅうきゅう (rokujuukyuu), 79 – ななじゅうきゅう (nanajuukyuu), 89 – はちじゅうきゅう (hachijuukyuu), 99 – きゅうじゅうきゅう (kyuujuukyuu). So the number 123-456-7890 would be いち に さん の よん ご ろく の なな はち きゅう マル (ichi ni san no yon go roku no nana hachi kyuu maru).

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