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World of Change. Water Remote Sensing Land However, the reason is largely methodological changes, and the economic impact of the pandemic, rather than any major scaling-up of climate action. To expand the possibilities for beachfront tourist development, Dubai, part of the United Arab Emirates, undertook a massive engineering project to create hundreds of artificial islands along its Persian Gulf coastline. In these pathways global average temperature increases above pre-industrial are limited to below 1.6°C over the 21st century and below 1.5°C by 2100 (typically 1.3°C). Since 1906, the global average surface temperature has increased by more than 1.6 degrees Fahrenheit (0.9 degrees Celsius)—even more in sensitive polar regions. Land In 1988, wildfires raced through Yellowstone National Park, consuming hundreds of thousands of acres. Global average surface temperature has risen at an average rate of 0.15°F per decade since 1901 (see Figure 2), similar to the rate of warming within the contiguous 48 states. Download Data Not many places on Earth have year-round greenery and four distinct seasons. If you continue to browse this website without changing your settings, you consent to the use of cookies and other similar technologies. The devastation of the May 1980 eruption of Mt. If the more ambitious end of pledge ranges were reached, warming could be limited to a median of 2.4°C. The images in this series show the four seasons of Maine, the most forest-covered state in the U.S.A. Drought has taken a severe toll on croplands in Southeast Australia during many years this decade. Water Land The “2°C” compatible benchmark pathways are drawn from the “lower-2°C” and “high-overshoot 1.5°C” pathways in the new set of IAM pathways assessed in IPCC SR1.5. Water Furthermore, both the current policy and pledge trajectories lie well above emissions pathways consistent with the Paris Agreement long-term temperature goal. Wet and dry seasons lead to annual fluctuations, but the massive reservoir is still mostly below capacity. Remote Sensing The ocean contains 60 times more carbon than the atmosphere, and as expected, the changes in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere were paralleled by changes in carbon in the ocean over the past several hundred thousand years. Ice has more room to expand around the continent in winter. The average global temperature has increased by a little more than 1° Celsius (2° Fahrenheit) since 1880. Water This includes all pathways in the IPCC SR1.5 scenario database that have global average temperature increase held below 2°C above pre-industrial with at least a likely (>66%) probability over the 21st century, excluding pathways that qualify as “1.5°C compatible” as explained above. Human Presence This series of Landsat images tracks the landscape’s slow recovery through 2019. World of Change. Images of sunspots and UV brightness document the 11-year cycle of solar magnetic activity. This series of satellite images shows the ozone hole on the day of its maximum depth each year from 1979 through 2019. They had never witnessed such a large area disintegrate so rapidly. This includes the upper end of country NDCs where a reduction range is specified and mitigation commitments that are conditional on finance. The average position of the upper-level ridges of high pressure and troughs of low pressure—depicted by positive and negative 500-millibar height anomalies on the May 2020 and March–May 2020 maps—is generally reflected by areas of positive and negative temperature anomalies at the surface, respectively. Please visit our Privacy Policy page for further details. The anomaly map on the left is a product of a merged land surface temperature (Global Historical Climatology Network, GHCN) and sea surface temperature (ERSST version 5) anomaly analysis. The global land-only surface temperature for May 2020 was also the highest on record at 1.39°C (2.50°F) above the 20th century average of 11.1°C (52.0°F). We project the global effects beyond the NDC timeframes assuming policies of similar strength are implemented through to the end of the century. Life Since the late 1970s, however, the United States has warmed faster than the global rate. World of Change. This will be corrected in future runs of the global temperature records. The IPCC SR1.5 assesses pathways that limit global warming to 1.5°C with no or limited overshoot, which the CAT uses to define “Paris Agreement compatible”—or “1.5°C compatible“—pathways. Two-thirds of the warming has occurred since 1975. While the sea overtakes much of the delta plain of the Mississippi River, sediment from the Atchafalaya River is building two new deltas to the west. Please note: During the construction of this report, three stations in Egypt were determined to have submitted data from April. World of Change. Theme parks and other development has turned Central Florida from swampland to the most visited tourist region of the United States. Earth would not be the planet that it is without its biosphere, the sum of its life.

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