Government. This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. This entry describes a countryâs key demographic features and trends and how they vary among regional, ethnic, and socioeconomic sub-populations. The State Council's main function is to serve as caretaker in case of death or physical incapacity of the President. Much petty commerce is conducted in pidgin English (Pichinglis). : Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo, Brig. Reservations must be made before arriving in the country. of Labor & Social Security: Evangelina OYO Ebule, Min. Equatorial Guinea maintains an embassy at 2020 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009 (Tel. Ebano is published in Spanish. Major trading partners—United States, Spain, China, Canada, France, Great Britain, Cameroon and Norway. Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue was also forestry minister, but was at odds with influential family members and factions within the elite. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. This fast rate of growth is attributed to the very high fertility rate of 4.94 children per woman, although this is combined with a very high infant mortality rate of 111 per 1,000. A convention was held with representatives from the Spanish government and the two opposition parties attending. The statistics below are the most recent estimates available as of 2006. . In practice, the Chamber is not independent and rarely acts without presidential approval or direction. Relations between the two countries grew difficult after the March 2004 coup attempt due to their hosting opposition figure Severo Moto and their belief that Spain had foreknowledge of the coup. Lt.-Col. Obiang Nguema was inaugurated president on 12 October 1982, ran unopposed in 1989, and was reelected in 1996 and 2002. The aggregate growth prospects for Countries of the World and Their Leaders Yearbook 2009. . Education is free and compulsory from 6 to 11 years of age. When you return Eventually an election was held on 21 November 1993 and the PDGE won 68 of 80 seats. Equatorial Guinea is one of the richest countries in Africa. Equatorial Guinea’s most significant environmental problems are deforestation, water pollution, desertification, and the preservation of wildlife. . Each province is divided administratively into districts and municipalities. Many of the descendants of these freed slaves have stayed on the island. Water is only available in the major towns and is not always reliable because of poor maintenance and mismanagement. In March 1968, under pressure from Equatoguinean nationalists and the United Nations, Spain announced that it would grant independence to Equatorial Guinea. The ruling PDGE again won 75 seats. (accessed on January 15, 2007). With the increased U.S. investment presence, relations between the U.S. and the Government of Equatorial Guinea have been characterized by a positive, constructive relationship. Political activity outside this party was made illegal. With investments estimated at over $5 billion, the United States is the largest cumulative bilateral foreign investor in Equatorial Guinea. This represents a tremendous increase from the 1996 oil output of 17,000 bbl/d. Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. Dun and Bradstreet's Export Guide to Equatorial Guinea. For the more adventuresome, the national ship and private ships make trips to the small island of Annobon. Liniger-Goumaz, Max. From the 1920s to the 1940s, attempts were made to develop coffee, cocoa, and palm oil plantations in Rio Muni. An international airport is located at Malabo. Equatorial Guinea continues to seek to diversify its economy and to increase foreign investment. The forests are threatened by agricultural expansion, fires, and grazing. Social activities usually include private parties or viewing videotaped movies. The national health system of Equatorial Guinea consists of four levels: health posts in each village of 600 people, dispensaries in health centers with a qualified nurse at the intermediate level, district level hospitals, and two referral hospitals at the most centralized level. Santa Barbara, CA: Clio, 1991. Earth Island Journal, Winter Internet access is limited and has yet to make an impact on the dissemination of information. The trade balance in the late 1980s and early 1990s was in constant deficit, only to improve with the explosion of oil production in the early 1980s. ." Equatorial Guinea has three official languages: Spanish, French, and Portuguese. Cash in CFA is usually the only form of payment accepted throughout the country. This entry includes a brief general assessment of a country's telecommunications system with details on the domestic and international components. Although Annobón was uninhabited in 1471 when the Portuguese discovered it, it was the only one of the territories later incorporated into Equatorial Guinea that they attempted to develop. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis- . The manufacturing industry of Equatorial Guinea contributes only a 0.6 percent of GDP. Insects abound in Equatorial Guinea. There are a growing number of foreigners from neighboring Cameroon, Nigeria, and Gabon. In an effort to prevent international child abduction, many governments have initiated procedures at entry/exit points. After the accession of Macias to power, political activity largely ceased in Equatorial Guinea. There was a monthly minimum wage of about $100 in 2002 for unskilled workers, with the minimum for oil sector professionals set at 10 times that amount. This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by using renewable energy sources other than hydroelectric (including, for example, wind, waves, solar, and geothermal), expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity.