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Definition: age 15 and over can read and write. In terms of age structure, the population is dominated (71.1%) by the 15- to 64-year-old segment. An example of Canarian usage for a Spanish word is the verb fajarse[19] ("to fight"). By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on April 25 2017 in Society. Cuba is a multi-ethnic nation, home to people of different ethnic and national backgrounds. Cuba is a Caribbean country whose capital city is Havana. Population of Cuba: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. Protestantism, introduced from the United States in the 18th century, has seen a steady increase in popularity. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Download historical data for 20 million indicators using your browser. The Spanish colonizers forced the indigenous population to work contributing to the weakening of the indigenous people. Life expectancy. The Trading Economics Application Programming Interface (API) provides direct access to our data. (2009), the fact that autochthonous male North African E-M81 and female U6 lineages from the Canaries have been detected in Cuba and Iberoamerica, demonstrates that Canary Islanders with indigenous ancestors actively participated in the American colonization. This diversity derives from West and Central Africans who were transported to Cuba, and in effect reinvented their African religions. Cuba has small communities of Jews, Muslims, Buddhists and members of the Baháʼí Faith. The population of Cuba at the 2012 census was 11.2 million. Presently, Cuba has a life expectancy of about 78 years due to proper medical care, low infant mortality rate (4.6 deaths per 1000live births), low death rate (7.8 deaths/1000 inhabitants) and a high doctor to patient ratio. For example, guagua (bus) differs from standard Spanish autobús the former originated in the Canaries and is an onomatopoeia stemming from the sound of a Klaxon horn (wah-wah!). The current population of Cuba in 2020 is 11,326,616, a 0.06% decline from 2019. Cuba also will continue to have the oldest population in Latin America. Haplogroup A2 is the main Native American haplogroup in Cuba (21.9% of the total sample), accounting for 67% of the Native American mtDNA gene pool. An autosomal study from 2014 has found out the genetic average ancestry in Cuba to be 72% European, 20% African and 8% Native American with different proportions depending on the self-reported ancestry (White, Mulatto or Mestizo, and Black):[12], A 1995 study done on the population of Pinar del Rio, found that 50% of the Mt-DNA lineages (female lineages) could be traced back to Europeans, 46% to Africans and 4% to Native Americans. mile/ 101.9 per squ. Cuba's population of 11,075,244 and 76% of the people live in urban areas. After the revolution, Cuba became an officially atheistic state and restricted religious practice. The median age of the population is 39.5, and the gender ratio of the total population is 0.99 males per female. The whites are the largest group at 64.1% followed by the Mulato (mixed race) at 26.6%. The whites are the largest group at 64.1% followed by the Mulato (mixed race) at 26.6%. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) It allows API clients to download millions of rows of historical data, to query our real-time economic calendar, subscribe to updates and receive quotes for currencies, commodities, stocks and bonds. The population of Cuba in 2019 was 11,333,483, a 0.04% decline from 2018. In standard Spanish the verb would be pelearse, while fajar exists as a non-reflexive verb related to the hemming of a skirt. In January 1998, Pope John Paul II paid a historic visit to the island, invited by the Cuban government and Catholic Church. The census done in 2012 revealed that it had a population of over 11 million. The Episcopal Church of Cuba claims 10,000 adherents. After the British invasion in the mid-eighteenth century, slaves from West Africa were brought to provide labor in the sugarcane plantations. Since 1740, Cuba's birth rate has surpassed its death rate; the natural growth rate of the country is positive. The whites were the second largest followed by the mixed race people. Chart and table of Cuba population from 1950 to 2020. ( 2 ) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, ( 3 ) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, ( 4 ) United Nations Statistical Division. The blacks are the minority race in the country at 9.3%. This is a consequence of Canarian migration, which in the 19th and early 20th century was heavy and continuous. The most recent census was conducted in September 2012. Afro-Cuban religions, a blend of native African religions and Roman Catholicism, are widely practiced in Cuba. Muslims, the Russian Orthodox, Buddhists, and Baha’i are also found in Cuba. 10 years; 5 years; 1 year; main data; all data; Year Total Male Female Sex Ratio Growth rate Birth rate Death rate Ferti­lity rate. Between 1820 and 1898, a total of 508,455 people left Spain, and more than 750,000 Spanish immigrants left for Cuba between 1899 and 1930, with many returning to Spain. This figure is consistent with both the historical background of the region, and the current demographics of it. The growth rate has decreased to the negative and is projected to continue declining over the years. Cuba is a city located in Alabama.With a 2020 population of 286, it is the 376th largest city in Alabama and the 15502nd largest city in the United States. This drop was due to low fertility and emigration, as during this time (fiscal years 2003-2012), 332,028 Cubans received legal permanent residence in the United States. The population of Cuba in 2018 was 11,338,134, a 0.01% decline from 2017. km (2019), 9.92 births/1,000 inhabitants (2013 est. ), 2 Santiago de Cuba, 433,581, Santiago de Cuba, 12 Ciego de Ávila, 120,446, Ciego de Ávila, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 04:20. Update to date information about population of Cuba in 2020. Spanish is the official language of Cuba. The domain of the Arawakan-speaking Taino, who had displaced even earlier inhabitants, Cuba was claimed by Christopher Columbus for Spain in 1492. Regarding Y-chromosome haplogroups (male lineages), 78.8% of the sequences found in Cubans are of West Eurasian origin, 19.7% of African origin and 1.5% of East Asian origin. During Castro’s rule in Cuba, the nation was declared an atheist state but was later categorized as a secular state in the 1991 constitution. The total population in Cuba was estimated at 11.2 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. There were also migrations of Galicians and Asturians as well, but they did not impact Cuban Spanish to the same degree. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Cuba had a population of 7.1 million people. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. Other European people that have contributed include: Between 1842 and 1873, 124,800 Chinese arrived.[11]. Much of the typical Cuban replacements for standard Spanish vocabulary stems from Canarian lexicon. Population structure (mid 2020) Urbanization; Cuba Population History. Cuba Coronavirus Deaths at 127.00 Persons, Cuba Coronavirus Cases at 6368.00 Persons, Cuba Coronavirus Recovered at 5780.00 Persons, Cuba Balance of Trade at -9112.00 CUC Million, Cuba Fiscal Expenditure at 65497.50 CUC Millions, Cuba Current Account to GDP at 1.40 percent, Cuba Current Account at 1818.00 CUC Million, Cuba Crude Oil Production at 50.00 BBL/D/1K, New Zealand Shares Trade Near Record Highs, Singapore Consumer Prices Unexpectedly Flat, US Stock Fututes Inch Higher After Final US Election Debate, NIKKEI 225 Gains Traction in Afternoon Trade. Measles and smallpox outbreaks killed many of the indigenous people as they lacked natural immunity to fight these diseases. The growth rate was -0.1% as recorded between 2002 and 2012. Cuba is in the fourth stage of demographic transition. Publish your articles and forecasts in our website. The African lineages found in Cubans have a Western (haplogroups E1, E2, E1b1a ) and Northern (E1b1b-M81 ) African origin. Trading Economics members can view, download and compare data from nearly 200 countries, including more than 20 million economic indicators, exchange rates, government bond yields, stock indexes and commodity prices. The country is multi-ethnic with diverse culture derived from the origins of different groups, the African slaves, the Spanish colonizers, and the interaction with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The population of Cuba in 2019 was 11,333,483, a 0.04% decline from 2018. The National Office of Statistics of Cuba (ONE) since 1953. According to the previous censuses, the Chinese were counted as white. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. It 1960-2019 Data | 2020-2022 Forecast | Historical | Chart | News. Cuba’s population is 11,239,004 according to 2015 figures and it is comprised of several races that immigrated to the island. Cuba covers an area of 110,860 square kilometers and is slightly smaller than the state of Pennsylvania; it borders Guantanamo Bay, a US Naval Base leased by the US but remains part of Cuba. The current population of Cuba in 2020 is 11,326,616, a 0.06% decline from 2019. Other leading cities such as Santa Clara and Guantanamo are the other cities with high population. In 1817 the population of the blacks was at the highest due to the active slave trade in Cuba. The different races found in Cuba include the whites, Asians, Africans, and the Mulato. Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and overland via the southwest US/Mexican border, and islands adjacent to Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. There are also reports of Lucumi, "Lengua Conga" (Kongo-based liturgical language of the Palo religion) and Bozal Spanish (an "African" socio-dialect of Spanish; now used only in folk religion). Among the West Eurasian fraction, the vast majority of individuals belong to West European haplogroup R1b. Since the Fourth Cuban Communist Party Congress in 1991, restrictions have been eased and, according to the National Catholic Observer, direct challenges by state institutions to the right to religion have all but disappeared,[21] though the church still faces restrictions of written and electronic communication, and can only accept donations from state-approved funding sources. The second most spoken language of Cuba is Haitian Creole, used mainly by Haitian immigrants and its descendants going back since the late 18th century, of whom fled the Haitian Revolution. The ancestry of Cubans comes from many sources: During the 18th, 19th and early part of the 20th century, large waves of Spanish immigrants from Canary Islands, Catalonia, Andalusia, Galicia, and Asturias emigrated to Cuba.

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