wakizashi mei: mumei, length 2 shaku 1 sun, OHIBA SABUROBYOE MITSUTADA, age 51 His writings inspired a certain Ôishi Kuranosuke Yoshio, a samurai and retainer of Asano Takumi no kami Naganori (1667-1701), who led a branch of the powerful Asano family. katana mei: Norimitsu (1,1), length unknown The Forty-seven Ronin are one of the most popular themes in woodblock prints, or ukiyo-e and many well-known artists have made prints portraying either the original events, scenes from the play, or the actors. katana mei: Kunimitsu (2,1), length 2 shaku 7 sun , The word rōnin literally means "wave man". A few, such as Yamada Nagamasa, sought adventure overseas as mercenaries. The shogun also decreed that his 50,000-koku fief at Akô in [Harima province] was to be confiscated and his brother Daigaku placed under house arrest. page 25. a secondary school graduate who has not yet been admitted to university, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The 47 Ronin: A Story of Samurai Loyalty and Courage", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rōnin&oldid=978499432, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles needing additional references from September 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 September 2020, at 08:24. It happened that Lord Asano was chosen by the shogun, Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, to be one of a number of daimyo tasked with entertaining envoys from the Imperial family.  Legend has it that the Satsuma samurai who had spit upon Ôishi in the street came to the temple and slit his own belly to atone for his insults. confines of an estate. Like other samurai, rōnin wore two swords. Kira, it seems, was a somewhat difficult character and expected Asano to compensate him monetarily for the trouble, which Asano held was simply his duty. Kira was no fool, and expecting some sort of attempt on his life by the Asano men increased his personal guard. of their Lord Asano. Forty-seven ronin, the 47 loyal retainers of the lord of Ako, whose vendetta ranks as one of the most dramatic episodes of Japanese history. | Home | Nobleman Ôishi's scheme was therefore to lull their quarry into complacency, biding their time while they waited for the right moment. wakizashi mei: unknown, length 1 shaku 6 sun, YADA GOROEMON SUKETAKA, age 29 During previous ages, samurai were able to move between masters and even between occupations. One view had it that Ôishi and his men had in fact erred in waiting as long as they had, that in so doing they risked Kira dying (he was, after all, over 60) and their efforts coming to naught. However, aside from one of their number (Hazama Roku), the Ronin did NOT in fact commit seppuku. B. Mitford in Tales of Old Japan (1871) was generally considered authoritative. wakizashi mei: mumei, length unknown noted that most of the swords used by the avengers are extremely long, much longer than the presecribed SWORDS OF THE 47 RONIN Nonetheless, the Bakufu decided that the maintenance of order would once again have to prevail, and so the ronin were ordered to commit suicide - a sentence suggested by the famous Confucian scholar Ogyû Sorai (1666-1728). As an indication of the humiliation felt by samurai who became rōnin, Lord Redesdale recorded that a rōnin killed himself at the graves of the forty-seven rōnin. katana mei: mumei, length unknown This forced the shogunate to rethink its policy. This was, for example, the view of Yamamoto Tsunetomo (author of the famed Hagakure). The daimyo who had guarded them were Hisamatsu (Matsudaira) Sadanao, Hosokawa Tsunatoshi, Mizuno Kenmotsu, and Mori Tsunemoto. A stone monument stands on that site today. katana mei: Kanekuni (2,1), lenght 2 shaku 8 sun Kamakura Period); the Shiju Hichi (47) Shi (Ronin) revenge of their Lord Asano Takumi no Kami and the wakizashi mei: Norimitsu (1,1), length unknown, KIMURA OKAUEMON SADAYUKI, age 46 It can be noted that most of the swords used by the avengers are extremely long, much longer than the presecribed length allowed. Nevertheless, even with plausible defects, Mitford's work remai… wakizashi mei: Kunisuke (2,2), length 1 shaku 9 sun (uncredited), Asano Elite Samurai these long swords for such a long time, for when they finally found Kira and beheaded him, it was The two grew to dislike one another intensely, and Kira made every effort to embarrass his student. Adauchi in almost all te yari, KATAOKA GENGOEMON TAKAFUSA, age 37 Striking another man in anger was against the law - doing so within the shogun's palace was unthinkable. and his supporters. Woodblock prints Edit. It was at that point that the ronin struck. On this day, many many people flock to the Sengakuji Temple to offer and burn incense before the tombs of the 47. During these periods, as small-scale wars frequently occurred throughout Japan, the daimyō needed to augment their armies, so rōnin had opportunities to serve new masters. Technical Specs, See agents for this cast & crew on IMDbPro, Background Ronin Kira's men, many of whom were killed or wounded, were taken completely by surprise but did put up a spirited resistance (one of the ronin was wounded in the attack with another being injured after taking a fall), though ultimately to no avail: Kira was found in a cellar of the mansion's kitchen area. Ôishi's scheme was therefore to lull their quarry into complacency, biding their time while they waited for the right moment. They could also marry between classes. The movies The Magnificent Seven (Seven Samurai) and A Fistful of Dollars (Yojimbo) are western remakes of Akira Kurosawa's films. wakizashi mei: mumei, length 1 shaku 9 sun wakizashi mei: Masakuni (5,1), length 9 sun 5 bu, OKAJIMA YASOUEMON TSUNEKI, age 38 Kira, it seems, was a somewhat difficult character and expected Asano to compensate him monetarily for the trouble, which Asano held was simply his duty. wakizashi mei: Kunihisa (1,1), length 1 shaku 6 sun, HAYAMI TOZAEMON MITSUTAKA, age 42 Other writers did not share those views. wakizashi mei: Mitsushige (1,2), length unknown long yari, TOMIMORI SUKEEMON MASAYORI, age 34 "Adauchi" is interpreted as 'vendetta' in most Japanese-Western dictionaries, however there seems However, Ronan outpaced this version in the lasts, and we, too, prefer the original, though history and movie buffs may appreciate this version's association with renegade samurai in Feudal Japan. Saitō Dōsan was one merchant who rose through the warrior ranks to become a daimyō. wakizashi mei: unknown, length unknown wakizashi under 2 shaku. There are quite a few of them. The shogun also decreed that his 50,000-koku fief at Akô in Harima was to be confiscated and his brother Daigaku placed under house arrest. As an example, Tōdō Takatora served ten lords. te yari, MURAMATSU KIHEI HIDENAO, agae 62 Some favored accepting their lot quietly and dispersing as ronin, while another group called for a defense of the castle and an actual battle with the government. It was undesirable to be a rōnin, as it meant being without a stipend or land. It is also noted that some of the men are very old aged whereas the length of To assist him in this new duty, the Bakufu's highest ranking master of protocol, Kira Kozukenosuke Yoshinaka (1641-1702), was assigned to instruct him in matters of etiquette. Many other rōnin became criminals, operating as bandits and highwaymen, or joining organized crime in towns and cities. The three great Adauchi in Japanese history are; the Soga Brother's revenge of their father's death (early However, during the Edo period, samurai were restricted, and were—above all—forbidden to become employed by another master without their previous master's permission. long yari, SUGANOYA HANNOJYO MASATOSHI, age 44 katana mei: Hirokuni (1,1), length 2 shaku See Hagakure (transl. (uncredited), Asano Elite Samurai / wakizashi mei: mumei. Fuwa Kazuemon wrote that “all the ronin present had stabbed and hacked Kira until he was dead. On this day, many many people After earnest consideration, the ronin were ordered to commit hara-kiri. William Scott Wilson, Kodansha), p. 27, https://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=The_47_Ronin&oldid=36942, Japanese: 赤穂浪士(Akô Rôshi), 忠臣蔵(Chûshingura), Rankin, Andrew, Seppuku Tokyo:Kodansha International Ltd, 2011. However, in the case of the yari, they long yari, SHIOTA MATANOJYO TAKANORI, age 35 Because the former samurai could not legally take up a new trade, or because of pride were loath to do so, many rōnin looked for other ways to make a living with their swords.  One who chose not to honor the code was "on his own" and was meant to suffer great shame. During the Edo period, with the shogunate's rigid class system and laws, the number of rōnin greatly increased.